The Tibetan New Year, called Losar, is February 5, 2019. This is the 1st day of the 1st month of the Tibetan lunar calendar. The final month of the lunar calendar is considered a time for purification and cleansing, especially the 26th -29th. The 29th day of the 12th month is called nyishu gu. In 2019, that date on the Western calendar is February 3rd. On this day, the family gathers together for a special dinner and purification ritual. A special soup of nine ingredients called gutük is made. One of the most important ingredients in the soup is large balls of dough that contain symbolic objects or descriptive characteristics written on paper. Each member of the family must receive one of these balls of dough, and whatever is inside is considered a playful commentary on their character.
For example, whoever receives the ball of dough containing a piece of coal is said to have a “black heart.” Some of the other possible items that someone might receive are: a piece of wool meaning “kind-hearted,” a sun meaning ‘”light of goodness,” a chili meaning “sharp-tongued,” or salt meaning “lazy.” Everyone saves a small amount of the last of their soup to be used as a ransom offering to the negative spirits of the past year. This ritual payment settles any remaining debts with the negative spirits so that they become satisfied and go away happy. Along with the leftover soup, each person also offers a karmic debt torma. This is a small ball of dough that has been passed over the body in order to absorb any illness and negativity, then pressed with the fingers of the hand and placed on the offering plate with the other ransom offerings. A small candle is placed on the plate and lit before it is carried out by one of the family members. Once the ransom offering has been left in an appropriate place, this person must not look back while returning home.
On the 1st day of the new year, everyone stays at home or goes to the monastery in order to make offerings and prayers. On the 2nd and 3rd days of the new year, it is customary to spend the day visiting friends and extended family in order to raise the positive energy for the coming year.
“Because of our confusion due to ignorance, we have been killing, and beating others, and stealing their possessions throughout our lives from beginning-less time. These negative actions have joined together as an immeasurable karmic debt. And the result of these negative actions has ripened into an experience similar to the cause. Because of this, I repay my karmic debts owed from previous, present, and future lifetimes. Through the blessings of the thousand buddhas together with the power of my meditative stability, whatever karmic debts are owed are instantly brought into this ransom offering.”
Excerpt from “The Skillful Means of Dedicating the Ransom” written by Shardza Tashi Gyaltsen Rinpoche and contained within his Yangzab Namkha’i Dzö. Tibetan translation by Raven Cypress Wood
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